SD project research and feedback from Nidih and Dele

Nidih listened tutorial of Tobias for pigeon project and gave me inspiration about her experience. For three different situations here with three types of behaviors between human and pigeon, first, its in a small park, with sunshine and breeze, a bench and several pigeons, human enjoy the sunshine, read a piece of newspaper with a relaxing mode, and most important, they feed pigeons; the second, at a public square, here is a big group of pigeons flying and poop out everywhere, pedestrian just waving hands to them ‘fucking away’. Last one is a really interesting phenomenon, at the pond of hype park, many people feed beautiful swans and duck with fish or bread, but no people feed pigeons, even though pigeons walking around these feeders all the time. Its quiet interesting that the relationship between pigeons and human could be change in different situations. For know more about it, I visited hyde park and interviewed 6 groups of feeders at round pond and the Serpentine, which are two places that have swans, pigeons and water. It is so cold that I only found groups of feeders at round pond.

First group is a pair of youngsters, I saw they feeding pigeons and ask them why they love pigeons and if they can get benefit from those pigeons, what do they want. They told me they dont hate pigeons but not love them too much and they are travellers from Spain so they could only understand a little bit English but not too much…But I can not speak Spanish so I just give wishes to them ‘enjoy your time’.——fail

About the second group, which is a couple of Muslim, they told me they come here weekly and bring some past due food for birds. First, they usually stay at a square of grassland and waiting for pigeons, specializing for pigeons, feed them bread or pancake. When I ask them if they think about past due food is bad for pigeons health, they said its not bad for pigeons. After that, they will go to the side of pond feeding other birds that avoiding fighting for food between pigeons and other birds. Because of religion, they are Muslim, they could not waste food, birds need food, homeless need food, thats why they store overdue food in a blanket and supply for others. What is more, they love pigeons, and their children as well. Their children play with pigeons so happy and enjoy the time when massive pigeons flying around them.———————-success?

Then I walk to The Serpentine finding more groups, on the way, I saw a feeder only feed five parrots but pigeons around him. I thought these parrots are his own, but I was wrong. Then I ask him why not feed pigeons. He said he dont like them. ‘Why?’ ‘If I feed one pigeon, it will have another group of pigeons come here maybe 20 or 30’ ‘whatever?”I dont like them…..’ Oh my god, impatiently guy….————–fail

to be continued, Im so hungry..I cant wait for dinner………..come back, after ate 4 plates of food, I am so full, why I have such a f**king stomach like man’s.

At the side of The Serpentine, I found the fourth group with three person, they were feeding pigeons! Pigeons! I was so surprised the food, its not bread or cupcakes these human food, but frumentum. I told one of them I am doing a university survey about pigeons and asked some questions. She told me she is a londoner and she love pigeons so much, further more, not only her, whole of her family are pigeons lovers. She comes to The Serpentine twice a month, and bought pigeons food in pet shops. Its already become their rutin. She said some people only feed some human food for them but its bad for their health. About feeding other birds, she will feed other food for swans but not frumentum, frumentum is special for pigeons. Comparing other birds, she dislikes swan a little bit because swans hurt pigeons when they fighting for food, and that may make pigeons lost their nails. Pigeons also hurt partners, especial male hurt female pigeons for fighting food. Every time when she feed pigeons, she always takes some photos for pigeons, actually, its not for posting on facebook or show off her life on weekend, its only because pigeons are really beautiful. The colours of feather on pigeons neck, green and purple, is really beautiful within sunshine.———success

About the fifth group, I was really shocked. It a pair of father and son, when I asked why he doesnt feed pigeons, he replyed: ‘You can feed more ….’ and went away. …..Soooo rude…——fail.

The last group is a pair of seniors, they told me pigeons are vermin like rat. But I cant understand the meaning of vermin at that point, so they just explain it as ‘personally reason’ and went away. —–fail.


to be continued, Im so hungry..I cant wait for dinner

SD project research and feedback from Nidih and Dele

tutorial of Tobias revell for SD project reflection

My topic of speculative design project is about pigeons, London pigeons, as a kind of urban animals, have lots of problems on it. I have to say, not all but most of londoners dont like them and dont care about them even hate them, they walk at anywhere, with bad smell, poop out everywhere…but, from my point of view, pigeons have much more functions that humans not, like they have wings that can flying, have more broader sight of view than human, thats why they could not extinct. Thats the point why I am going to make a country of pigeons. About the eco-system of pigeons, heres only pigeon as the centre of world, thats post-anthropoence, thats pigeoncentric, everything cater for pigeons, I think its the best way to protect them. Tobias led me to another direction that find a new way making pigeons and human having good relationship with each other. How to balance the relationship between pigeons and other creatures and find some value of pigeons for other things. Here is a example: PIGEONS WASHING THE CITY: DESIGN AND SCIENCE. Its about fed pigeons to alter the birds’ digestive processes that cleasing the city. Its a really good project but it still cater for human and back to anthropocene, that is why I still confused about why I need to find or create functions of pigeons benefit for humans.

tutorial of Tobias revell for SD project reflection

Interaction Futures & Speculative Design #01


This is a new unit for designing future things. Tobias Revell ran a lecture called ‘critical exploits’ for Interaction Design Communication students for introducing discipline’s criticality and speculative approaches and looked at various examples of Critical design.

First of all, what is Speculative Design and Critical Design?

Critical Design takes a critical theory based approach to design. This kind of design uses design fiction (a method of critical design that uses fictional and narrative scenarios to envision, explain and raise questions about possible futures for design and the society) and speculative design proposals to challenge assumptions, conceptions about the role of objects play in everyday life. Popularized by Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby through their firm, Dunne & Raby. It was first used in Anthony Dunne’s book Hertzian Tales (1999) and further developed in Design Noir: The Secret Life of Electronic Objects (2001). Critical is more of an attitude than a style or movement; a position rather than a method. It’s opposite with affirmative design: design that reinforces the status quo. The aim of critical design is emphasising the other possibilities of design beyond solving problems. The image below compares affirmative design and critical design in several ways.

屏幕快照 2016-06-19 16.24.25.png

A critical design object will often challenge its audience’s preconceptions and expectations thereby provoking new ways of thinking about the object, its use, and the surrounding environment. Its opposite is affirmative design Objects made by critical designers frequently employ classic design processes—research, user experience, iteration—and apply these working processes to conceptual scenarios intended to highlight social, cultural, or political paradigms.

Nevertheless, Critical Design is discussed as an approach in Design Research, as a way to critique social, cultural, technical and economic controversies through designing critical artefacts.

The concept of critical play has come into vogue in recent years. Researcher Mary Flanagan wrote Critical Play: Radical Game Design in 2009; Lindsay Grace started the Critical Gameplay project in 2009. Grace’s Critical Gameplay project is an internationally exhibited collection of video games that apply Critical Design. The games provoke questions about the way games are designed and played. The Critical Gameplay Game, Wait, was awarded the Games for Change hall of fame award for being one of the 5 most important games for social impact since 2003. The work has been shown atElectronic Language International Festival, Games, Learning & Society Conference, Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems among other notable events. — wikipedia

“Critical Design uses speculative design proposals to challenge narrow assumptions, preconceptions and givens about the role products play in everyday life. It is more of an attitude than anything else, a position rather than a method. Its opposite is affirmative design: design that reinforces the status quo.” —  Hertzian Tales (1999) / Dunne & Raby

Design as critique is not a new idea.(Italian Radical Design 1960s-70s)

Speculative design aims to present new possibilities, through a believable path that links possibility with the present. Whether a speculative project presents something positive or negative, the fact that it is possible is something that can genuinely empower change in our lives today.

– Hertzian Tales (1999) / Dunne and Raby

– Technological Dream Series 1: Robots / Dunne and Raby (2007)

– Paro / PARO Robotics

– The Continuous Monument / Superstudio (1969)

What is future?

The future is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed.  —– William Gibson

– The Futures Cone / Dr Joseph Voros’ Version (via Stuart Candy)

– 99 Cent Futures / Extrapolation Factory (2013)

– The Golden Institute / Sascha Pohflepp (2009)

– A Brief History of Power / Tobias Revell (2011)

What is design friction?

Slate: So what is a design fiction? Bruce Sterling: It’s the deliberate use of diegetic prototypes to suspend disbelief about change.

– Productivity Future Vision / Microsoft (2009)

– Productivity Future Vision / Microsoft (2011)

– Productivity Future Vision / Microsoft (2013)

– How it feels through Google Glass / Google (2013)

– Minority Report (2002)

– Telecommunications of the 1990’s / Post Office / BT (1969)


to be continued…

Interaction Futures & Speculative Design #01